This article will show that God and Jesus always work together as one. They have been together from all eternity. Together they created all things and together they own all things. They share glory together. Together they are in believers. They work together to save, to protect believers and to judge all.
This article provides further evidence of Christ’s equality with God, namely that Jesus had equality with God prior to His birth. This means that He today again has equality with God. They receive equal honor. As every knee will bow to God, so every knee will bow to Jesus. He is God’s only Begotten Son, which means that He is God’s only true family. Only God knows Jesus and only Jesus knows God. These are profound statements of equality.
God and Jesus share the same name and titles and attributes. Jesus claimed the divine name “I AM.” He has many Divine Titles, such as King of kings and Lord of lords, Lord of the Sabbath and Saviour. Jesus also has many divine attributes. He is the Truth, eternal and omnipresent. All the fullness of Deity dwells in Him. He created all things and has all authority.
God and Jesus work as one.
They have been together from all eternity.
“In the beginning was the Word And the Word was with God … He was in the beginning with God” (John 1:1-2). These verses make a distinction between God and Jesus. However, Jesus was in the beginning with God, and the beginning was before all things!
God and Jesus together created all things.
God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness” (Gen. 1:26). The “Us” and “Our” must refer to God and Jesus, for in John 1:3 we read, “All things came into being through Him (the “Word” – Jesus), and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being”. In other words, God created all things through His Son.
God and Jesus own all things together.
Jesus said, “All things that the Father has are Mine” (John 16:15). And, in His prayer, “all things that are Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine” (John 17:10).
Hebrews 1:2 says that God appointed His Son as heir of all things. This again makes a distinction between God and Jesus, but there is nothing which exists which is not the property of Jesus.
God and Jesus together own and direct the angels.
“The Lord, the God … sent His angel to show to His bond-servants the things which must soon take place” (Rev. 22:6). But just ten verses later Jesus says “I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things for the churches” (v16).
Luke 12:8-9 refers to the “angels of God,” but in Matthew 13:41 Jesus said, “The Son of Man (Jesus Himself) will send forth His angels.”
God and Jesus share glory together.
Jesus prayed, “Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was” (John 17:5).
God and Jesus work together.
Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now” (John 5:17). The Father upholds the universe and keeps it going; every second and minute and day. But then Jesus adds, “and I Myself am working” (v17). If this was not true, this would have been a most arrogant statement of equality.
God and Jesus work together in salvation.
Jesus said, “I am the Way, and the Truth, and the Life; no one comes to the Father except through Me” (John 14:6). But we also know that “No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him” (John 6:44). They have always been working together.
God and Jesus together protect believers.
“My sheep hear My voice … and no one will snatch them out of My hand. My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand” (John 10:27-29).
God and Jesus live together in believers.
Jesus said, “If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word; and My Father will love him, and We will come to him and make Our abode with him” (John 14:23, NASB).
They judge as One.
“My judgment is true; for I am not alone in it, but I and the Father who sent Me” (John.8:16).
God and Jesus are distinct. This has been shown by the article Jesus is not the same Person as God. The article “God is the Head of Christ” confirms that Jesus is subordinate to God. We also see this in some of the statements above, such as that God appointed His Son as heir of all things (Heb. 1:2).
But their oneness, as evidenced above, puts the Son far above any created being. The Bible sometimes refer to Jesus as “God,” but in the article The Bible calls Jesus God it is argued that this does not mean that Jesus is God, for the title “god” is used for any exalted being. However, the unity of God and Jesus puts Jesus far above the general meaning of the word “god.” This unity implies that we should regard Jesus as equal to God.
Jesus has equality with God.
The Bible provides us with further evidence that Jesus had equality with God:
Jesus “did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped.”
This refers to the time prior to His birth. See the article Does Philippians 2 say that Jesus emptied Himself of equality with God? If He had equality with God prior to His birth, He today again has equality with God.
They receive equal honor.
“All will honor the Son even as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him” (John 5:23, NASB). That is a profound statement of equality.
Every knee will bow to Jesus.
God identified Himself as the One speaking and says, “to Me every knee will bow” (Isaiah 45:23), but Paul says that to “Jesus every knee should bow” (Phil. 2: 10-11).
Only Begotten Son
Since He was “begotten,” He was not created. The article Only Begotten Son of God shows that this phrase means He is God’s only true family. The Bible consistently distinguishes between God and Jesus, but, God begets God.
Only God knows Jesus and only Jesus knows God.
“No one knows the Son except the Father; nor does anyone know the Father except the Son” (Mt. 11:27 NASB; cf. Luke 10:22). This is an amazing statement of equality.
The Father shows the Son all things.
“The Father loves the Son, and shows Him all things that He Himself is doing” (John 5:19-20).
God is not comparable to anything we know. We do not understand God, but perhaps an analogy will explain the equality of God and Jesus better. A human son is subordinate to his father, but equal to his father when compared to the beasts of the field. Jesus is subordinate to God, but equal to God from the perspective of finite created beings. In other words, although Jesus is distinct from God, we must honor Him equal to God.
Jesus has Divine Titles and Attributes.
Many titles that belong to God only, are also applied to Jesus.
Moses asked God, “If I come to the people of Israel and say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is His Name?’ what shall I say to them?”
God responded, “I AM WHO I AM …. Say this to the people of Israel, I AM has sent me to you … The Lord, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is My Name for ever” (Exodus 3:15-18). Here, God, in giving His name, gives the essential meaning of Yahweh; the One who exists without cause, but who is the Cause of everything else.
In John 8:21-59 Jesus repeatedly claims the divine name “I AM” for Himself. He said, for instance:
“You will die in your sins; for if you do not believe that I AM” (John 8:24)
“Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM” (John 8:24, 58).
Jesus, by referring to Himself with this sacred name, claimed to be the God of the Old Testament; the Jehovah of Exodus 3:14. This the Jews understood, for they wanted to stone Him for blasphemy (cf. John 5:18, 8:59, 10:30-36).
King of kings and Lord of lords
The One “whom no man has seen or can see” is called “King of kings and Lord of lords” (1 Tim. 6:14-16). Jesus is similarly called “Lord of lords and King of kings” (Rev. 17:14, cf. 19:16).
Lord of the Sabbath
“The seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God” (Exodus 20:10). But Jesus is “the Lord of the Sabbath” (Mark 2:28).
“The Lord” said “I, even I, am the LORD, And there is no savior besides Me” (Isaiah 43:11). God is also the Savior in Psalms 106:21; Isaiah 43:3; 45:21-23; 44:6 and I Timothy 2:3; cf. 1 Tim 4:10.)
But the New Testament describes Jesus as the “source of eternal salvation” (Hebrews 5:9), being “able to save forever those who draw near to God through Him” (Hebrews 7:25) for He “came into the world to save sinners” (I Timothy 1:15). He is “our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus; who gave Himself for us” (Titus 2:13-14; cf. 2 Peter 1:1). Jesus is also referred to as Savior in Luke 2:11; John 4:42; Acts 4:12; I John 4:14 and many others.
Jesus is the Truth.
Jesus says in John 14:6, “I am the way and the truth and the life.” In Jesus Christ alone “are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge” (Colossians 2:3).
Jesus is eternal.
“The LORD” (Yahweh) said: “Before Me there was no God formed and there will be none after Me” (In Isaiah 43:10). “I am the first and I am the last, and there is no God besides Me” (Isaiah 44:6; cf. Is. 48:12). “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End … the Almighty” (Rev. 1:8; cf. 21:6). This means that God is eternal; “from everlasting to everlasting” (Ps. 90:2). The same applies to Jesus Christ:
Micah 5:2 speaks about the coming Christ, whose “goings forth are from long ago, from the days of eternity” (Micah 5:2).
John 1:1 says, “In the beginning was the Word”. Since He was “in the beginning”, there was no time when He was not.
In Revelation, Jesus Christ says of Himself, “I am the first and the last, and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore” (Rev. 1:17-18). In the last chapter He says, “I AM the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End, the First and the Last” (Rev. 22:13).
Christ is eternal as the Father is eternal.
Jesus is omnipresent.
Matthew 18:20 “Where two or three have gathered together in My name, I am there in their midst.”
Matthew 28:20 “I am with you always, even to the end of the age.”
Acts 18:9-10 The Lord said to Paul in the night by a vision, “Do not be afraid any longer, but go on speaking … for I am with you, and no man will attack you in order to harm you.”
All the fullness of Deity dwells in Christ.
“It was the Father’s good pleasure for all the fullness to dwell in Him” (Col. 1:19).
“All the fullness of Deity dwells in Christ in bodily form” (Col. 2:9).
Jesus created all things.
In a separate article it was shown that God created all things, but God created all things through His Son. The Son even created time. There was no time that He did not exist.
Jesus has all authority.
Jesus claimed, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me” (Matthew 28:18). This same authority was given to the Son of Man in Daniel 7:13–14 (see also Matthew 26:64). By implication, God gave Him this authority, just like “it was the Father’s good pleasure for all the fullness to dwell in Him” (Col. 1:19). These things show Christ’s subordination to God, but also His equality to God.
Previous articles concluded that Jesus is not God and that Jesus is subordinate to God. However, their oneness puts the Son far above created beings; on equal footing with God from the perspective of finite created beings. We must honor Him as we honor God. To further explain the notion that Jesus is not God, but has equality with God, the reader is advised to read Jesus in Philippians 2.
Articles in the series: Is Jesus God?
1. The three views of the Son
2. Jesus existed prior to His birth in the form of God.
3. Jesus in Colossians
4. Jesus in Philippians 2
5. Who is the Word in John 1:1?
6. Jesus is not God.
7. God is the Head of Christ.
8. In the Bible Jesus is called God.
9. He is the Only Begotten Son of God.
10. God created all things through His Son.
11. We must worship Jesus.
12. Jesus has equality with God. Current article
13. Who is Jesus? – Summary of the series of articles
14. Where do we find Jesus in the Old Testament?