The Sabbath is not repeated in the New Testament.

Jesus taught more about the Sabbath than all the other nine commandments put together.  Why would He do that if the Sabbath would expire soon?

One hears, from time to time, preachers claim that nine of the Ten Commandments are repeated in the New Testament, and that the only commandment that is not repeated, is the Sabbath.  From that they most often conclude that the seventh day is not applicable to the church.  This argument seems to be based on the view, since Christ lived under the Old Covenant, that the gospels effectively are part of the Old Testament, which would make Paul the primary author and teacher of the New Covenant.

However, although Christ lived under the Old Covenant, His teachings are the foundation of the New Covenant.  After His death the church continued to exist for a few year as part of Judaism, consisting of Jews only.  After a number of years God guided the church to take the gospel to the Gentiles as well.  This caused a controversy in the young church over the question whether believing Gentiles must become Jews through circumcision.  This was the main controversy when Paul started to work, which was about ten years after Christ’s death, causing Paul to write the letter to the Galatians.  In that letter Paul wrote that, through the supernatural working of the Holy Spirit, he was informed that Gentiles are saved without becoming Jews through circumcision.  Paul’s main God-given task was to extract the church from Judaism, but Paul did not introduce a new system of ethics.  As far as ethics (moral laws) are concerned, he followed Christ.  Christ was therefore the primary teacher of the new covenant.

Since the ethics of the New Covenant are based on what Christ taught, and since He taught more about the Sabbath than about all the other nine commandments put together, it is not true to say that the Sabbath commandment is not repeated in the New Testament.  Jesus taught a different Sabbath, but His statements, such as that the Sabbath was made for man, and that to do good is allowed on the Sabbath, implies the continued relevance of the special seventh day.

Why would Jesus spend so much time teaching about the Sabbath, and resisting the traditions of the elders, which corrupted the Sabbath, if the Sabbath would come to an end just a few months later; at His death?

TO: Sabbath; Table of Contents

TO: General Table of Contents

3 Replies to “The Sabbath is not repeated in the New Testament.”

  1. With respect to the Sabbath day of rest, the 7th day of the week, and its significance to the Church (the Born Again, saved & sealed saints IN Christ) today! It should be noted that AFTER Christ had risen from the grave on the FIRST day of the Week, we do not read in the NT of him observing the Sabbath day of rest anymore, nor meeting with his followers on the 7th day of the week, but rather on the FIRST day of the week, Also, it is to be noted, that after His Resurrection, the ONLY ones LORD Jesus showed himself to, appeared to, was those who were his followers, who believed on him, his Disciples, none other, but the Church !

    1. Dear WebPreacher, I am afraid I do not agree with you. John 20:19 reads “So when it was evening on that day, the first day of the week, and when the doors were shut where the disciples were, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in their midst”. However, what people often do not know is that:

      (1) As Jews counted days, a new day started at sunset;

      (2) “evening” covers the period before and after sunset (See Mat. 8:16 and Mark 1:32 for examples of “evening” describing the next day and;

      (3) the description of the same of the events in Luke indicates that Jesus appeared after sunset; in other words, actually on the second day of the week.

      Consequently His appearance “eight days” later (John 20:26) could also have been on the second day of the week.

      The other meeting you might be referring to is Acts 20:7, but that was, what we would call, a Saturday night meeting that was extended until daybreak on Sunday because Paul had to travel far that Sunday. Would Paul travel on the Lord’s Day?

      I know of no other potential first day meeting mentioned in the NT.

      As far as Sabbath meetings is concerned, the Jewish Christians in Paul’s day—possible still the majority in the church—continued to observe the Sabbath. Please see the articles on the early church. Gentile Christians are not subject to the Law of Moses, but they were taught the contents of the four gospels. The gospels were written for this purpose. And we know what glorious things Jesus said about the Sabbath, such as “made for man”. See the articles on this website. Therefore I believe that also the Gentile Christians observed the Sabbath in Paul’s day; not because of the Law of Moses, but because of what Christ said about the Sabbath.

      Kind regards, Andries

    2. Lord Jesus rose from the dead on the Sabbath Day. That is why He claims to be the Lord Of the Sabbath. After his death, his apostles, disciples and some gentiles observed the Sabbath. Please read the book of Acts. Sabbath will be observed even in the millennial kingdom of our Lord Jesus, Yeshua ha mashiach.

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