The miracles of Jesus gave credibility to His astounding claims, such as that the Father is in Him, and He in the Father, and gave Him the opportunity to teach.
John 5, after the healing of the paralytic at Bethesda (5:14), includes a long debate between Christ and the Pharisees (5:17-47), but that debate was not about the Sabbath directly. He explained to them certain higher order principles, such as His work of resurrecting people from death (5:21, 25, 29), judgment, and eternal life (5:24, 39-40) and honoring the Son “even as they honor the Father” (5:21-30).
Similarly, after the miracle healing in John 9, Jesus told the Pharisees that He is one with the Father (10:30), that he was sent by the Father, that the Father is in Him, and He in the Father (10:38), that He is the Son of God (10:36), that He is the door to God’s people, that He is the good shepherd (10:7, 11-16) and that He has the authority from the Father to give up His life and to take it up again.
One purpose of the Sabbath healing miracles, acting deliberately contrary to the traditions of the elders, was therefore to create the opportunity to teach the religious rulers. He gave the nation of Israel every opportunity to repent. As He said,
“I say these things so that you may be saved” (5:34).
Because of His claims, such as that the Father is in Him, and He in the Father, some Pharisees concluded that He has a demon. But others were willing to believe Him because of the miracles. This was another purpose of the miracles, namely to support these astonishing claims:
“If I do not do the works of My Father, do not believe Me; but if I do them, though you do not believe Me, believe the works, so that you may know and understand that the Father is in Me, and I in the Father.” (10:37-38)
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