1 Corinthians 8 and 10 might explain why the “weak” Christians in Rome (Romans 14) did not eat meat. The problem in Corinth was similar to the one in Rome (Romans 14):
- In both the problem is both meat and what people drink (Rom 14:1, 21; 1Co 8:13; 10:31).
- In both, “everything” is allowed (Rom 14:14, 20; 1 Cor. 10:23).
- In both, the person that eats meat gives thanks to God and eats without guilt (Rom 14:6; 1 Cor. 10:26, 30).
- Both refer to the “weak” brother (1Cor 8:7, 9-12; Rom. 14:1) in contrast to the more mature Christian.
- In both, Paul warns the person that “has faith” that eating meat can “become a stumbling block to the weak” (1Cor 8:9, 13; Rom. 14:13, 20-21).
- In both, Christ’s disciples are urged to consider others before themselves (Rom 15:1, 2; 1 Cor. 10:24, 33). This is, in fact, the main message of Romans 14. Paul summarizes the whole thrust of the passage by these words, “Let each of us please his neighbor for his good, to edify him” (Rom. 15:2).
- In both, the appeal is to abstain rather than to cause another’s fall (Rom 14:1, 21; 1 Cor. 8:9, 11-13). Paul’s plea is for the more mature Christian to consider his weak brethren before himself.
Corinthians may therefore explain why meat was regarded by some in the church in Rome as “unclean” (koinos) and thus to be avoided. The problem in Corinth was not meat per se, but the association of meat with idol worship. Most of the available meat in the city has been “sacrificed to idols” (8:1; 10:19). The strong “know that there is no such thing as an idol” (8:4), and were able to dine in an idol’s temple (8:10) without misgivings. But some of the Gentiles who had been converted from idolatry were still “weak” (8:9) and bound by superstitious beliefs that idols obtained power over them through the meat. They ate meat “as a thing offered to an idol” (8:7).
This made eating meat “a stumbling block to the weak” (1Cor 8:9, 13). The “weak” brother that sees another Christian eating in an idol’s temple might be tempted to do the same (8:10) and he might be ruined thereby (8:11), because for him eating meat is idol worship (8:7). For that reason Paul urged the more mature Christian to consider others before himself (1 Cor. 10:24, 33) and to rather abstain from meat than to cause another’s fall (1 Cor. 8:9, 11-13).
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