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This purpose of the website is to comment on the book of Revelation, but many of the articles are about Daniel because Revelation is based on Daniel.  However, a sound understanding of basic theology is also required to interpret Revelation.  Therefore the latest article study Paul’s letters.

The table below lists the available articles.  Some of the articles have been summarized.  Word copies of some of the articles are available.

 THE BOOK OF DANIEL

Is Daniel a fraud?
Daniel claims to have been written in the sixth century BC, but critics believe Daniel was written after the events it “predicts”.  What evidence do we have for when was Daniel written and to accept the book as a divinely inspired miracle of God?

Daniel’s evil horn—Greek or Roman?
Critics identify the evil king in Daniel as the Greek king Antiochus IV.  This article is an overview of the prophecies of Daniel and proposes that that evil king arises after Rome has become the dominant power.

Antiochus and Daniel’s Evil King
There are many similarities between Antiochus and Daniel’s evil king, but there are also many major differences.  Antiochus IV by no means exhausts the passage.  Antiochus IV is not the complete fulfillment of Daniel’s predicted evil king.

Darius the Mede – Who was Darius the Mede in the book of Daniel? Article in Word

Daniel 9: Seventy Weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city – Evaluation of the four major interpretations of Daniel 9:

Nehemiah – summary of book – This book is important for the interpretation of Daniel 9.

The dispensational interpretation of Daniel 9:
Detailed analysis of Daniel 9 to identify the “he” of verse 27 and the timing of the final seven years during which he acts:

 

PAUL’S LETTER TO THE ROMANS

Romans: Table of Contents – This contains more than the articles listed below.

Romans 1 – Verse by Verse:
“Unrighteous” man explains “live by faith”. God reveals “His invisible attributes”, but this man rejects God. God then gives the man over to impurity.

Romans 2 – Verse by Verse:
Romans 2 warns Jewish Christians that they will not be justified by the Law. It announces judgment of deeds, but that is justification by faith.

Romans 3:1-8: The faithfulness of God
Romans 3:1-8 deals with the same topic as Romans 9 and 11, namely the causes and consequences of Israel’s rejection of Christ.

Romans 9–11; The Chosen Nation – An independent and original interpretation of Romans 9 – 11 to identify the Israel of prophecy:

  • Israel in Romans 9 to 11
  • All Israel will be saved – This is a shortened version of the article on Israel in Romans 9 – 11. While the main article more or less sequentially works through Romans 9 – 11, this article discusses these chapters thematically.

Election in Romans 9 – 11: – Romans 9-11 contain many strong election statements, but this is election to a mission, not to salvation, as is confirmed by the Jacob-example and other.

THE EARLY CHURCH

The Jerusalem Phase (Acts 1 to 5) starts with Christ’s resurrection.  Over the following 2 to 4 years the church grew exponentially, but the church was limited to Jerusalem only and consisted of Jews and proselytes only, all observing the Law of Moses.

The Judea and Samaria Phase (Acts 6 to 9) starts with the persecution of the church which forced the believers out of Jerusalem to other cities in Judea and Samaria.  For the next about 5 or 6 years the church grew in Judea and Samaria, but still observed the Law of Moses.

The Gentile Dispute Phase starts when the first Gentiles were allowed to join the church, about seven to ten years after the Cross, but a dispute arose whether these Gentiles must still be circumcised and observe the Law of Moses.

The Separation Phase starts with the Jerusalem Council in Acts 15, nearly 20 years after the Cross, where it was decided that Gentile Christians do not have to observe the Law of Moses.  This decision created separation between Gentile and Jewish Christians because the Jewish Christians continued to observe the Law of Moses.

The Early Church history has many Theological Implications, for instance with respect to the unity of Jewish and Gentile Christians, the Law of Moses, Justification by the works of the Law and the Seventh Day Sabbath.

A page is also available with estimated dates for significant events in the history of the early church.

THE BOOK OF REVELATION

Does Revelation describe a sequential list of chronological events? – Many people believe that Revelation it is a chronological record of events from start to finish. Revelation explains some things repeatedly, and sometimes even reverses the order of events.  Article in Word

The seven sealsWhat book does He open?  What are the seals of the book?  Who are the 144000?  What is the great tribulation?  Who is the innumerable multitude? Article in Word
Prior reading advised: Israel in Romans 9 to 11

Does the seventh seal include the trumpets?The trumpets have their own introduction, a theme different from the seals and focus on a different people.  The seals and trumpets end with the consummation.

The Seven Headed Beasts – Prior reading advised is Daniel’s evil horn–Greek or Roman?

The plagues  – Prior reading advised is “The Seven Headed Beasts” and Babylon”.

  • First four plagues – All people divide into two groups; the larger group persecutes the smaller. The plagues only affect the larger group.   How do they react?  Do they repent?
  • The Fifth Plague – The fifth plague destroys the Beast’s right to rule.  What gives the Beast its right to rule, and how is this destroyed?
  • The Sixth Plague – Euphrates dried up. The way for the kings from the east is prepared.   Demons perform miracles to gather the kings for war at Armageddon.
  • The Seventh Plague – Voices, thunder, lightning, an earth-shattering earthquake splitting Babylon into three and massive hail, but still people blaspheme God. Literal or symbolic?
  • The Purpose of the Plagues – Nobody is saved during plagues. Why then does God torment with plagues?  Why has God not made an end to sin a long time ago?

The Woman and the Beast

  • Babylon, the mother of harlots – Who is Babylon? She exists for all human history, corrupts the people and reigns over the kings, but also destroyed by the kings.

 

OTHER

Christmas: Its Meaning and Origin:
God’s willingness to become a human being reveals much about Him, but 25 December was derived from the pagan feast of the birthday of the Invincible Sun.

Life and Death in Paul’s Letters
Paul never wrote of eternal punishment for sinners.  He consistently warns that sinners will die.

Galatians – Table of Contents

Colossians – Table of Contents

Sabbath – Table of Contents

Early Church; Table of Contents

The purpose of the articles listed below is to describe the context within which Paul’s letters were written.  For this purpose these articles describe four major turning points and the four major phases in the first 30 years of the church, which transformed the church from a movement within Judaism to a separate entity, including uncircumcised Gentiles.

These articles are mostly based on the Bible Book of Acts.  This book left an immense amount of apostolic activity is unrecorded, and focuses only on the major transitional events.  Unless otherwise indicated, all Bible verses quoted are from the NASB version of Acts.

The Jerusalem Phase (Acts 1 to 5) starts with Christ’s resurrection.  Just before His ascension, 40 days later, He told His disciples to stay in Jerusalem and wait for the power of the Holy Spirit.  They received this power on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2), ten days later.  Over the following 2 to 4 years the church grew exponentially, from the initial 120 followers to thousands, but the church was limited to Jerusalem only and consisted of Jews and proselytes only.  They worshiped daily in the temple, functioned as a part of Judaism and observed the Law of Moses and the Jewish customs.

The Judea and Samaria Phase (Acts 6 to 9) starts with the stoning of Stephen and persecuted the church (8:1).  The church was limited to Jerusalem and the persecution was also limited to Jerusalem, and forced the believers out of Jerusalem to other cities in Judea and Samaria, preaching the gospel where-ever they went.  Paul intended to persecute the believers also outside of Jerusalem, but God stopped him immediately, allowing the church to grow in Judea and Samaria for a period of about 5 or 6 years.  During this phase all Christians still observed the Law of Moses.

The Gentile Dispute Phase starts when Gentiles for the first time received the Holy Spirit (Acts 10) and for the first time were allowed to join the church.  Before this event the church viewed Gentiles as unclean, and avoided them.  The events in Acts 10 convinced the church that Gentiles are allowed to join the church, but a dispute arose afterwards as particularly the Christian Pharisees maintained that these Gentiles must still be circumcised and observe the Law of Moses.  These Christian Pharisees therefore still thought of the church as a part of Judaism—the true Jewish religion—and sought to convert these Gentiles to Judaism.

The Separation Phase started with the Jerusalem Council in Acts 15, nearly 20 years after Christ’s death and resurrection, where it was decided that Gentile Christians do not have to observe the Law of Moses.  This decision created separation between Gentile and Jewish Christians; one group observing the Law of Moses, the other not.

A fifth article explains the theological implications.  The history explained in these articles is important context for Paul’s letters, for Paul’s arguments that Jewish and Gentile Christians are united under the same law, that the Law of Moses is no longer relevant, that man is not justified by the works of the Law and for Paul’s teaching, or lack of it, with respect to the Seventh Day Sabbath.

A page is also available with estimated dates for significant events in the history of the early church.

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