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This purpose of the website is to comment on the book of Revelation, but many of the articles are about Daniel because Revelation is based on Daniel.  However, a sound understanding of basic theology is also required to interpret Revelation.  Therefore the latest article study Paul’s letters.

The table below lists the available articles.  Some of the articles have been summarized.  Word copies of some of the articles are available.

 THE BOOK OF DANIEL

Is Daniel a fraud?
Daniel claims to have been written in the sixth century BC, but critics believe Daniel was written after the events it “predicts”.  What evidence do we have for when was Daniel written and to accept the book as a divinely inspired miracle of God?

Daniel’s evil horn—Greek or Roman?
Critics identify the evil king in Daniel as the Greek king Antiochus IV.  This article is an overview of the prophecies of Daniel and proposes that that evil king arises after Rome has become the dominant power.

Antiochus and Daniel’s Evil King
There are many similarities between Antiochus and Daniel’s evil king, but there are also many major differences.  Antiochus IV by no means exhausts the passage.  Antiochus IV is not the complete fulfillment of Daniel’s predicted evil king.

Darius the Mede – Who was Darius the Mede in the book of Daniel? Article in Word

Daniel 9: Seventy Weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city – Evaluation of the four major interpretations of Daniel 9:

Nehemiah – summary of book – This book is important for the interpretation of Daniel 9.

The dispensational interpretation of Daniel 9:
Detailed analysis of Daniel 9 to identify the “he” of verse 27 and the timing of the final seven years during which he acts:

 

PAUL’S LETTER TO THE ROMANS

Romans: Table of Contents – This contains more than the articles listed below.

Romans 1 – Verse by Verse:
“Unrighteous” man explains “live by faith”. God reveals “His invisible attributes”, but this man rejects God. God then gives the man over to impurity.

Romans 2 – Verse by Verse:
Romans 2 warns Jewish Christians that they will not be justified by the Law. It announces judgment of deeds, but that is justification by faith.

Romans 3:1-8: The faithfulness of God
Romans 3:1-8 deals with the same topic as Romans 9 and 11, namely the causes and consequences of Israel’s rejection of Christ.

Romans 9–11; The Chosen Nation – An independent and original interpretation of Romans 9 – 11 to identify the Israel of prophecy:

  • Israel in Romans 9 to 11
  • All Israel will be saved – This is a shortened version of the article on Israel in Romans 9 – 11. While the main article more or less sequentially works through Romans 9 – 11, this article discusses these chapters thematically.

Election in Romans 9 – 11: – Romans 9-11 contain many strong election statements, but this is election to a mission, not to salvation, as is confirmed by the Jacob-example and other.

THE BOOK OF REVELATION

Does Revelation describe a sequential list of chronological events? – Many people believe that Revelation it is a chronological record of events from start to finish. Revelation explains some things repeatedly, and sometimes even reverses the order of events.  Article in Word

The seven sealsWhat book does He open?  What are the seals of the book?  Who are the 144000?  What is the great tribulation?  Who is the innumerable multitude? Article in Word
Prior reading advised: Israel in Romans 9 to 11

Does the seventh seal include the trumpets?The trumpets have their own introduction, a theme different from the seals and focus on a different people.  The seals and trumpets end with the consummation.

The Seven Headed Beasts – Prior reading advised is Daniel’s evil horn–Greek or Roman?

The plagues  – Prior reading advised is “The Seven Headed Beasts” and Babylon”.

  • First four plagues – All people divide into two groups; the larger group persecutes the smaller. The plagues only affect the larger group.   How do they react?  Do they repent?
  • The Fifth Plague – The fifth plague destroys the Beast’s right to rule.  What gives the Beast its right to rule, and how is this destroyed?
  • The Sixth Plague – Euphrates dried up. The way for the kings from the east is prepared.   Demons perform miracles to gather the kings for war at Armageddon.
  • The Seventh Plague – Voices, thunder, lightning, an earth-shattering earthquake splitting Babylon into three and massive hail, but still people blaspheme God. Literal or symbolic?
  • The Purpose of the Plagues – Nobody is saved during plagues. Why then does God torment with plagues?  Why has God not made an end to sin a long time ago?

The Woman and the Beast

  • Babylon, the mother of harlots – Who is Babylon? She exists for all human history, corrupts the people and reigns over the kings, but also destroyed by the kings.

 

OTHER

Christmas: Its Meaning and Origin:
God’s willingness to become a human being reveals much about Him, but 25 December was derived from the pagan feast of the birthday of the Invincible Sun.

Life and Death in Paul’s Letters
Paul never wrote of eternal punishment for sinners.  He consistently warns that sinners will die.

Galatians – Table of Contents

Colossians – Table of Contents

Sabbath – Table of Contents

Early Church Chronology

To estimate exact dates for the key events in the first 30 years of the church is very difficult.  A fixed date is the death of Herod Agrippa in AD 44, mentioned in Acts 12:23.  A less certain date is the prophecy of Agabus that refers to the reign of Claudius Caesar (Acts 11:27-28), who became Emperor in AD 41.  Two dates are generally proposed for the Cross, namely AD 30 and 33.  To determine dates for other events chronographers mostly analyze the text, trying to estimate the time between events.  Below is a table of estimated dates for significant events in the history of the early church, according to various internet sources:

  Christian history Christian Apologetics & Research Anno Mundi Christian History Institute Bible Hub Amazing Bible Timeline Bible CA Genera-tion Word
Jesus Born 10 TO 3 BC 4 BC 3 BC     4 BC 4-6 BC
Tiberius reigns             AD 14  
Jesus’ ministry   AD 29            
Pentecost (Acts 2) AD 30 OR 33 AD 33 AD 30   AD 30 AD 33 AD 30 AD 30
Stephen (Acts 7)     30 – 32 AD 35 AD 31     AD 34
Persecution (Acts 8)         AD 31      
Paul (Acts 9)   AD 35 AD 32 AD 35 AD 34     AD 35
Gentiles (Acts 10)         AD 37 AD 40 AD 40 39/40
Herod dies (Acts 12) AD  44       AD 44 AD 44 AD 45 AD 44
First journey (Acts 13)   AD 48       AD 45 AD 45  
Council (Acts 15)   AD 41 49/50   AD48 AD 50 AD 50 AD 48
Gallio (Acts 18) 51 or 52              
Jerusalem (Acts 18)   AD 52          
Jerusalem (Acts 21)       AD 59     AD 57
Paul executed 64-67     AD 65        
Jerusalem destroyed AD 70              

Other internet sources with respect to the year in which Stephen was stoned include:

Merrill C. Tenney, in his book “New Testament Times” (Inter-Varsity Press, 1967, chapter 7), gives 30 AD at the most probable year for the crucifixion and 32/33 as the most probable date for Stephen’s death and the conversion of Paul.

DATE FOR PAUL’S CONVERSION

Paul mentioned that he visited Jerusalem three years after his conversion (Gal. 1:16-18).  Then he continued, “fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with me also” (Gal. 2:1).  It is assumed that he is counting 14 years after his conversion, not 14 years after his previous visit, since his conversion was the key event in his life.  It is furthermore assumed that this second visit to Jerusalem does not refer to the Jerusalem Council of AD 49/50, because after the visit in Gal. 2:1 Peter was still vacillating over the question of circumcision of the Gentiles (Gal. 2:7-14), while at the Jerusalem Council everybody—Including Peter—agreed that circumcision of the Gentiles was unnecessary (Acts 15:7-11).  The Jerusalem visit in Gal. 2:1 therefore occurred before the Acts 15 Jerusalem Council.  It could have been the earlier visit in AD 46, when he went with relief for those stricken by the famine. Subtracting 14 years from AD 46 we get AD 32 as the date for Paul’s conversion. This is a very early date, only two years after the first possible date for Pentecost, when church was founded.